Find FLOW through Public Speaking. You heard it here first!
FLOW is a combined body-mind state in which we perform our best and feel our best. FLOW is the holy grail sought by elite athletes, musicians and other expert performers.
Public speaking, storytelling, and oratory are full of FLOW triggers. Public speaking can be a FLOW enabler.
Your public speaking, storytelling, and oratory will be at its very best when you are presenting / speaking in the FLOW state. You learned this here first!
FLOW is A New Frontier in public speaking. Public speaking can be a FLOW enabler.
The basics of FLOW (1- hour lecture)
TED Talk: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi: Flow, the secret to happiness
Talks at Google: Steven Kotler: The Rise of Superman: Decoding the Science of Ultimate Human Performance
TEDDx Talk: Steven Kotler: How to open up the next level of human performance
FLOW naturally catapults you to a level you’re not naturally in. FLOW naturally transforms a weakling into a muscleman, a sketcher into an artist, a dancer into a ballerina, a plodder into a sprinter, an ordinary person into someone extraordinary.
Everything you do, you do better in FLOW, from baking a chocolate cake to planning a vacation to solving a differential equation, to writing a business plan to playing tennis. FLOW is the doorway into the ‘more’ that most of us seek.
Ned Hallowell: Harvard Medical School psychiatrist (1983 – 2004): authored 20 books on various psychological topics
Some of my NOTES on FLOW
The Rise of Superman—Steven Kotler
“FLOW: The Psychology of Optimal Experience—Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Stealing Fire—Steven Kotler & Jamie Wheal
Flow Follows Focus!
Key characteristic about FLOW
ACTION and AWARENESS merge
3 things to know about FLOW
- Flow creates powerful intrinsic motivation
- Flow cuts the path to mastery in half and accelerates performance
- People with the most flow are the happiest people
2 defining characteristics about FLOW
- It always feels good—it is always a positive experience
- It functions as a performance enhancer
- Flow is selfless. It silences our inner critic
- Flops is effortless. It accelerates the path towards mastery
- Flow is timeless. It is hackable.
Consistent features of FLOW (Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi)
- Clear goals
- A loss of the feeling of self-consciousness
- Distorted sense of time
- Direct & immediate feedback
- Balance between ability and challenge
- Personal concentration (over situation)
- Intrinsically rewarding
- Lack of awareness (of bodily needs)
- Absorption & awareness of only the activity itself
Points 1, 5 & 6 are now considered more condition required for flow—rather than the actual flow experience.
Micro-flow = some but not all conditions for flow present
Macro-flow = all conditions present
5 major brain waves (Hz)
- Delta (1 – 3.9): deep and dreamless sleep
- Theta (4 – 7.9): REM sleep, meditation, insight, processing novel incoming stimuli
- Alpha (8 – 13.9): relaxed, calm, lucid, not really thinking
- Beta (14 – 30): lower range = concentration and learning, higher range = fear and stress
- Gamma (>30): binding – different parts of the brain combining disparate thoughts into one single idea
When we make decisions our brains go through a 6-stage cycle
- We are at baseline
Novel stimuli appears.
- We move to analysis and problem solving
- Pre-action readiness
- Post-action evaluation
- Return to baseline
Each of these stages requires different parts of the brain and produces different brain waves
- Theta for processing novel stimuli
- Beta for analysis
- Alpha for action
Best performers and athletes move trough this cycle seamlessly and fluidly. This is their secret: fluid brain control. Most people cannot make it through the whole cycle. We get hung up at one or more parts.
In FLOW there is the same fluid seamless transitions, but more control. Instead of producing all other brain waves, great performers can transition smoothly into FLOW creating a low alpha/high theta wave, and hold themselves there. This shuts out the conscious (explicit) mind and lets the implicit mind do its work at its best.
From “FLOW: The Psychology of Optimal Experience
In general, people who cannot feel enjoyment experience less FLOW, and are less capable of finding FLOW
Excess fragmentation of attention, or rigidity of attention hinder FLOW
When a person cannot control psychic energy, neither learning or true enjoyment is possible.
- Self conscious people
- Self centered people
- Temperamentally unable to concentrate (psychic energy)
- Unable to concentrate (psychic energy) due to genetics.
Societally factors that hinder FLOW
- A lack of rules and norms
Parents can help children to find FLOW by inculcating and providing theses 5 (Autotelic Family Context) characteristics
- Clarity (Clear about parent’s expectations)
- Centering (parents are interested in activities, feelings and experiences: rather than being preoccupied with whether they will get into a good college or get a good job)
- Choice (children feel they have a variety of options to choose from)
- Commitment (trust will allows a child to feel comfortable, not defensive, not self conscious)
- Challenge (parents providing increasingly complex opportunities for action)
These characteristics also conserve a great deal of psychic energy, which increases enjoyment all round.
These characteristics clearly parallel the dimensions of the FLOW experience
- Clarity of goals
- Feedback + Feeling of Control
- Concentration on the task at hand
- Intrinsic motivation
Neuro-chemicals = information molecules
Information is one of two types: excitatory or inhibitory
excitatory = do more of what you are doing
inhibitory = do less of what you are doing
- Engagement, excitement, creativity, urge to investigate
- Released when we encounter something abnormal or seek-reward
- Increases attention, pattern recognition, recognition, heart rate, blood pressure, muscle firing timing
- Formidable skill booster, speeds up heart rate, respiration, muscle tension
- Speeds up heart rate muscle tension and respiration.
- Triggers glucose release so that we have more energy
- Increases arousal, attention, neural efficiency, emotional control
- When in flow—keeps us locked on target, keeps distractions at bay
- Accompanied by a HIGH
- Opiates, relieve pain
- Created a HIGH
- 100 time more powerful than common morphine
- Shows up in exercise induced flow states
- Elevates mood (bliss),
- Relieves pain
- Dilates blood vessels
- Aids respiration
- Amplifies lateral thinking
- Inhibits ability to feel pain—may even facilitate extinction of long term fear memories
- Occurs at the tail end of flow
- Helps to cope with adversity
- Helps to “keep going”: helps to “not lose it” and try and sort things out
- May be responsible for the afterglow after flow
- It signals the end of the flow state
When these five chemical work together
- Norepinephrine tightens focus (data acquisition)
- Dopamine increases pattern recognition (data processing)
- Anandamide accelerates lateral thinking (widens database searched by pattern recognition system)
This is a chain of events that takes us from pattern recognition to future prediction in a way that the results makes us feel psychic. We feel we have ESP.
Misconceptions about FLOW
- It works like an ON or OFF switch. No it does not.
- It always feels flowy. No, not always.
What all these triggers do, what they have in common, is that they drive attention into the RIGHT HERE & RIGHT NOW. The right here and right now is the only place that flow can show up; here we are most capable of extraordinary.
A “distracted present” is self-handicapping. It is one of the worst places to be in. This is a very hard condition to change.
Using the mind to silence the mind is a long-term endeavor.
These are qualities in the environment that drive us deeper into the zone. With these three external flow triggers, it is not only the mind that is paying “full attention”. Suddenly it is also the body that is paying full attention
- Risk—ability to tolerate and enjoy risk. Risk is a flow hack because flow follows focus and consequences catch attention.
- Rich environment—combination platter of novelty, unpredictability and complexity. These three elements, like risk capture and hold our attention.
- Deep embodiment—full body awareness. Paying attention to lots of input stimulus—at once—simultaneously. Deep embodiment is the fast-track to hypofrontality.
These are psychological strategies that drive attention into the NOW. We can train ourselves to keep our attention RIGHT HERE & RIGHT NOW
- Clear goals—When the brain is charged with a CLEAR goal, FOCUS narrows. To create more flow, emphasis should be on clear and not on goal. To practically achieve this, break down goals into small chunks and create small series goals
- Immediate feedback—it get us back into the now. When feedback is immediate, information is close at hand and attention does not have to wander. The conscious mind does not have to get involved. To achieve this, tighten feedback loops and ask for more input
- Challenge to skills ratio—when the task is “hard enough”, it makes us stretch. This gets attention back into the now. Too much stretch will lead to snap. 4% harder challenge (than current normal) seems optimal At this level of challenge we are not certain of the outcome—so we have to focus and actively get and use feedback. The challenge must be difficult enough so that we are not certain of the outcome. When we are uncertain of the outcome we pay more attention to the now. Uncertainly is the rocket-ride into the NOW. Maybe is addictive like nothing else. Uncertainly causes the brain to release Dopamine, which heightens attention and pattern recognition—and it is pleasurable. The road to magic and extraordinary is 4% + 4% + 4%+ 4%+ 4%+ 4% … day after day, week after week, month after month, for years! Growth mindset (Carol Dweck, not fixed mindset) is one of the secrets to maximizing flow. Self knowledge is essential to know capabilities and adapt to changing skills and new limits.
- Serious concentration
- Shared and clear goals
- Good communication
- Equal participation
- Element of risk
- Familiarity—everyone knows everyone, everyone is on the same page, shared knowledge, common language, communication based on unspoken understandings.
- Blending egos—collective humility, no one hogs the spotlight, everyone is involved
- A sense of control—a combination of autonomy and competence
- Close listening—fully in the here and now, not competitive or derisive, flows naturally
- Always say YES—interactions should be additive, not argumentative. The goal is momentum, togetherness, and innovation from amplifying each other’s ideas. Goal is momentum, togetherness and innovation from amplifying each others ideas.
- Creativity is flow hack.
4 stages of FLOW
- Struggle (beta brain waves, cortisol and norepinephirine):
overloading the brain with information; for example intense fact finding, deep analysis, intense physical preparation, concentrated study
- Release (alpha brain waves, nitric oxide):
take my mind off the problem
completely sever thought and emotional patterns
go for a walk
listen to music
- Flow (theta and gamma brain waves, dopamine, endorphins, anandamide)
- Recovery (delta brain waves, serotonin, oxytocin):
memory consolidation, information moves from short term to long term
returns us to a “new normal”
Steven Kotler and Jamie Wheal on Stealing Fire: ONE Series
Key Words and Phrases
Non-ordinary states of consciousness
Ecstasis (Greek: stepping beyond oneself) (Flipping The Switch )
- Meditation and mystical states
- FLOW states
- Psychedelic states (Pharmacologically primed)
Beyond the Pale (outside the perimeter fence of polite society)
- Pale of the Church
- Pale of the STATE
- Pale of the Body
Neuro-anatomy (where activity takes place)
Neuro-chemistry (a way of communication)
Neuro-electricity (a way of communication)
Altered States Economy
- Personal Growth: Therapy, Self-help, Online learning
- Drugs: Licit & Illicit
- Media: Social, IMAX, Porn
- Recreation: Action sports, Gambling, EDM
loss of sense of less, inner critic goes quiet, experienced as liberation.
Timelessness (The Deep Now)
- Time is calculated all over the prefrontal cortex, so when the prefrontal cortex deactivates, time is distorted.
- Also, since information processing accelerates, it can heighten perception of time density.
- Attention is driven into the Present without Past/Future distraction.
“Big six” neuro-chemicals come online in varying concentrations
- Norepinephrine (External analogue = Speed)
- Dopamine (External analogue = Cocaine)
- Serotonin (External analogue = Ecstasy or LSD)
- Anandamide (External analogue = Marijuna)
- Endorphins (External analogue = Opioids, Heroine, Morphine, Oxycontin)
- Oxytocin (External analogue = )
Richness (Information Richness)
Access to information not available in normal consciousness (greeks called it divine intervention / Muses)
States can be artificially induced
- Through brain stimulation
- Trans-cranial magnetic stimulation (weak magnetic pulse through the prefrontal cortex) takes out the prefrontal cortex and induces a 20 – 40 minute artificial FLOW state.
- Start-Ups that produce the most FLOW tend to be the ones that survive.
Four Forces of Esctasis (A new revolution?)
Provide access to non-ordinary states of consciousness
Technology can provide state-shifting experiences with very large numbers of people.
They access to these states safer and more scalable, and cut out the middle man and gatekeepers
These are the keys to the kingdom of experience altered states, and they are available to anyone and everyone—something that has never happened before.
These can also make things go horribly wrong.
Experience of ONENESS
Right parietal lobe helps us separate “self” from “other”. This part of the brain helps us to navigate through a crowd.
When this shuts down (on activation / energy) the brain concludes that we are one with everything.
Talks at Google
Steven Kotler: “The Science of Maximizing Human Potential” | Talks at Google. https://youtu.be/bshSbNFXLww. Jun 18, 2018
TED & TEDx Talks
From Fear to Flow | Cedric Dumont | TEDxUHasselt. https://youtu.be/wADq0pb7Nvs. Apr 13, 2016
Flow: the real driver of autonomy & cooperation in organisations | Bart Vanderhaegen | TEDxULB. https://youtu.be/XnPy3uVc3xo. Jun 10, 2016
Steven Kotler and Jamie Wheal on Stealing Fire: ONE Series
FLOW in IMAGES